The World Risk Index 2016 ranked 171 countries according to how exposed and vulnerable they are to natural hazards, including earthquakes, floods and storms. Topping the list are Vanuatu, Tonga, Philippines, Japan, Costa Rica, Brunei, Mauritius, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Bangladesh. Except Japan and Brunei, one can notice that many in the top 10 are poor and developing countries. Yearly disasters is one reason why these countries experience underdevelopment and extreme poverty.
Photo source: https://twitter.com/UNEnvironmentAP/status/769001042084147200
The Natural and Social Spheres of Vulnerability to Disasters
Examine the diagram and see the connection between natural disasters and social vulnerability of people to calamities:
Examine the list below and judge whether your country is vulnerable to disasters or not, Rank 1 would mean the the country is the most vulnerable (Vanautu) and Rank 100 (Laos) as the least vulnerable to calamities.
My country, the Philippines, is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. It ranked #3 in the list below.
What is the consequences for the Philippines being ranked as one of the most vulnerable countries to disasters according to the report?
"The findings of the study, which was published by scientists from the United Nations University and from development organizations, mean that not only is the Philippines at great risk from natural disasters, but Filipinos are also more vulnerable to these natural hazards than people in most other countries. To put it bluntly: the higher a country is ranked in this index, the greater the chance that its inhabitants will die in a natural disaster, a thought that should be of some concern to local politicians and to everyone else in the Philippines" (http://www.wheninmanila.com/philippines).
How about yours? Do you see your country in the list below? Here is the list of countries in the world which are vulnerable to disasters:
The Top 100 Vulnerable Countries Worldwide
5. Bangladesh 19.17
6. Solomon Islands
7. Brunei Darussalam
8. Costa Rica
10. Papua New Guinea
11. El Salvador
18. Viet Nam
27. Dominican Republic
31. Cape Verde
37. Sierra Leone
39. Burkina Faso
43. Cote d’Ivoire
57. United Republic of Tanzania
61. Trinidad and Tobago
63. Sri Lanka
71. Central African Republic
91. Bosnia and Herzegovina
98. Republic of Macedonia
99. Syrian Arab Republic
100. Lao People’s Democ. Republic
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